Curriculum Overview – Learning together, Growing together

Introduction to our Broad & Balanced Curriculum

At Cassiobury Infant and Nursery School we have developed a broad and balanced curriculum in order to prepare our children for life in modern Britain.  We also promote the spiritual, moral, social, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at our school. We have personalised our curriculum to enable children to make links with their own lives and experiences whilst also broadening their knowledge and understanding of places beyond the local area. We ensure our learning opportunities cover all aspects of the National Curriculum through a variety of activities that inspire, engage and challenge. Our creative curriculum approach gives children a breadth of opportunities to rehearse, practise and retain keys skills and apply these throughout their learning.

Pupils’ learning and development is at the heart of our school’s curriculum. We have designed our curriculum with pupils’ learning at the centre. We recognise that a curriculum has to be broad, balanced and offer pupils opportunities to grow as individuals as well as learners. Our school values the input of its pupils, parents and the local community with regards to the planning and delivery of the curriculum.

We aim to ensure pupils enjoy learning and feel prepared for life after school. We also intend to offer our pupils new and exciting experiences through enrichment activities that are designed to build resilience, confidence and self-esteem.

Our curriculum will be delivered in accordance with the Equality Act 2010, through a variety of methods, including:

  • Classroom-based learning
  • Accessing different learning resources and equipment to broaden pupils’ knowledge
  • Making cross-curricular links where possible within lesson plans, so that pupils can draw upon knowledge from different subjects and understand how each topic plays a part in everyday life
  • Enrichment activities 
  • Extra-curricular clubs: We offer a variety of extra-curricular activities for pupils that enhance their learning experience. A list of clubs can be found on our Clubs page.

At Cassiobury Infant & Nursery School, the EYFS comprises:

NURSERY (age 3-4)

  • Squirrel Class

RRECEPTION (age 4-5)

  • Owl Class
  • Rabbit Class
  • Woodpecker Class

Aims of EYFS

  • To give each child a happy, positive and fun start to their school life in which they can establish solid foundations on which to expand and foster a deep love of learning
  • To offer each child a wide range of new and exciting experiences and give them the opportunity to consolidate, explore and test them out along with their own, individual experiences
  • To enable each child, through encouragement and high expectations, to develop to the full, socially, physically, intellectually and emotionally
  • To offer a structure for learning that has a range of starting points and unlimited opportunity for development
  • To encourage children to develop independence within a loving, secure and friendly atmosphere
  • To support children in building relationships through the development of social skills such as cooperation and sharing
  • To help each child to recognise their own strengths and achievements through experiencing success and developing the confidence to work towards personal goals.

The ways in which the child engages with other people and their environment – Playing and Exploring, Active Learning, and Creating and Thinking Critically – underpin learning and development across all areas and support the child to remain an effective and motivated learner.

These characteristics of learning and the areas of development are all interconnected. The Prime Areas begin to develop quickly in response to relationships and experiences, and run through and support learning in all other areas. The Prime Areas continue to be fundamental throughout the EYFS.  The Specific Areas include essential skills and knowledge; they grow out of the Prime Areas and provide important contexts for learning.

Areas of development

Prime Areas

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Communication and Language

Specific Areas

  • Literacy
  • Maths
  • Understanding of the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design

We ensure there is a balance of adult led and child initiated learning (CIL – ‘Busy Learning Time’) across the day. Although much of the time is spent with children self-selecting tasks, the interaction between the adult and child is essential as the adult’s response to children builds understanding and therefore guides new learning. The adult’s role is to continually model, demonstrate and question what the child is doing.


Learning through play is an important part of our EYFS. We believe children learn best through activities and experiences that interest and inspire them. We provide children with stimulating, active play experiences in which they can explore and develop their learning to help them make sense of the world. This is done through following the whole school topic and through areas of their own interest. They have opportunities through their play to think creatively and critically alongside other children as well as on their own. They are able to practice skills, build upon and revisit prior learning and experience at their own level and pace. Play gives our children the opportunity to pursue their own interests and inspire those around them. The children learn to adapt, negotiate, communicate, discuss, investigate and ask questions. We believe it is important that adults take an active role in child initiated learning through observing, modelling, facilitating and extending their play.


Assessment is an essential part of the learning and development across the EYFS. It involves all staff observing children to ascertain their level of development, interests and learning styles and to then shape learning experiences for each child reflecting those observations.

To ensure we have evidence of a child’s progress in the EYFS we use a range of strategies all of which come together in a ‘Learning Journal’. The children are very proud of these journals: they include collections of their work, photos and observations which create a detailed picture of the child. Parents have access to the ‘Learning Journals’ through our ‘Learning Together Mornings’. Parents are encouraged to contribute to the journals by filling out ‘Magical Moment’ forms.

What to expect, when? – Guidance to your child’s learning and development in the early years foundation stage – (PDF)


The National Curriculum is organised into blocks of years called ‘Key Stages’ – KS1 encompasses children in Year 1 and Year 2. At Cassiobury Infant & Nursery School, Key Stage 1 comprises:

Year 1 (age 5-6) – Current work available on Classes page

  • Hedgehog Class
  • Kingfisher Class
  • Robin Class

Year 2 (age 6-7) – Current work available on Classes page

  • Badger Class
  • Fox Class
  • Heron Class

National Curriculum

We deliver a broad and balanced curriculum underpinned by the teaching content of the National Curriculum, which provides pupils with an introduction to the essential knowledge that they need to be educated citizens. The National Curriculum is a set of subjects and standards used by Primary schools so that children learn the same things; it covers what subjects are taught and the standards children should reach in each subject. For more information on the National Curriculum please visit

The school has due regard to the national curriculum at all times throughout the academic year for KS1 pupils and ensures every pupil has access to the following core subjects:

  • English
  • Maths
  • Science

We also ensure pupils are taught the following foundation subjects:

  • Art and design
  • Computing
  • Design and technology
  • Geography
  • History
  • Music
  • Physical Education
  • Relationships and Health Education


Our curriculum includes PSHE lessons  and RE lessons where topics such as, e.g. raising awareness of different cultures / faiths / religions / customs or anti-bullying, can be addressed.

The school follows: ‘Jigsaw’ for PSHE and ‘The Hertfordshire Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education 2017-2022’.

All provisions made regarding PSHE and RE lessons will be made in line with the school’s PSHE Policy and RE Policy.

Curriculum Plan

Our Curriculum Plan details what we intend to teach, how we teach this area and our intended outcomes: Cirriculum Plan

Curriculum Overview – 2022-2023

Our curriculum follows a three-year cycle and changes on an annual basis; below is a curriculum overview for the academic year 2022-23. For a downloadable/printable version click here: Whole School Curriculum Overview Cycle A 2022-2023


Subject Curriculums

Click the links below to view the curriculum for each of the subject areas.