Curriculum – History

The National Curriculum states that: pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They should use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. They should ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They should understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.

In KS1: pupils should be taught about:

  • changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life

  • events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries]

  • the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods [for example, Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong, William Caxton and Tim Berners-Lee, Pieter Bruegel the Elder and LS Lowry, Rosa Parks and Emily Davison, Mary Seacole and/or Florence Nightingale and Edith Cavell]

  • significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.

In the EYFS, History falls under ‘Understanding the World’

Understanding the World:

  • begin to make sense of their own life-story and family’s history
  • children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members
  • comment on images of familiar situations in the past
  • compare, contrast and understand the past through settings, characters and events encountered in books read in class and story telling
  • know some similarities and differences between things in the past and now, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class

EYFS Framework 2021

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